Category Archives: Over Front

Defensive Gap Exchange

Gap Exchange between Defensive Linemen, Linebackers, and Safeties

Gap exchange in defensive football occurs between defensive linemen, linebackers and safeties is a critical element for many over fronts and under fronts.

Gap Exchange: Block Down Step Down

The basic gap exchange concept begins at the defensive linemen level, where the defensive linemen responds to a down block by an offensive linemen or tight end. The linemen is likely taught the theory of block down step down, where if the linemen blocks inside he must step inside, disrupt said linemens path, and spill kickout blocks.

The Will Linebacker and the Defensive End in the Under perform a Gap Exchange

The defensive end must keep the tackle off the linebacker by pushing him, and the will must come up quickly to G gap.

The linemen, given the block down step down rule, cannot play his original gap. In essense, he is playing his immediate inside gap. He needs to also focus on getting hands on the blocker who stepped inside while keeping his shoulders square. The defensive linemen simply needs to give a push with one hand, enough to keep the linemen off the playside linebacker or knock his path on his way to a backside linebacker. The defensive linemen, be it end or tackle, must focus, at this point in the play, at keeping his shoulders square. Turning his shoulders this close or on the defense’s side of the line of scrimmage will make it easy for another linemen to log him or, depending on the play, to get around him completely without making the blocker take a better pull path.

Gap Exchange: Open / Closed Window

Inside Gap Exchange between Mike and 5 technique End in Under Front

The End and Mike perform an Inside Gap Exchange, in these cases the defensive end must disrupt the offensive lineman's path

The linebacker needs to read the open or closed window. This should be an easy read as the linebacker flows to his gap. An open window essentially means that the gap he is assigned to his open. A closed window means the gap is blocked and the runningback will not see that hole.

Why is this important to gap exchange principles? As the linebacker reads his hole, if for some reason the defensive linemen is in his gap (he got washed down, or even a called stunt—which means a predetermined gap exchange), then the linebacker needs to work one outside gap, or to the next open gap and press the line of scrimmage while keeping his shoulders square. By pressing the line of scrimmage right away, this causes problems for offensive plays like power where the kickout and wrapping pull blocker occur quickly.

Gap Exchange: Secondary Run Support

Sam Linebacker and Safety Gap Exchange

The Sam Linebacker Follows Block Down Step Down Rules, Safety Reads Him and EMOLOS and Comes Up to D Gap

In many cases, a safety or even a corner, depending on the defense and the formation, may be called upon to gap exchange with a defensive end or EMOLOS. This is common in the Under front, where the Sam linebacker, lined up in a 9 technique outside the offensive tight end, must follow block down step down principles. In this case, the safety must be ready to come up quickly and exchange gap responsibilities with the Sam linebacker.

Gap Exchange – Conclusion

Overall, gap exchange is a good way for a defense to take advantage of the spill technique and use the sideline and team speed to its advantage. If the team has good speed and the front 7 have great hip explosion to help execute some of the technique (wrong arming or spilling), then this can be a great asset for undersized defenses.

P.S., make sure you check out Chiefpigskins offensive line videos!

4-3 Defensive Line Play

4-3 Defensive Line Play Skills and Reads

The next part in the series is available here: 4-3 Defensive Line Drills.

Perhaps the most critical component of the 4-3 is the defensive line. As with any defense, if you can create pressure with your defensive linemen, your chances of success increase tremendously. At a clinic in Chicago, I had the pleasure of hearing Wisconsin’s DL coach, Charlie Partridge. Talk about a technician. Wisconsin’s DL is inspiring, and while this past season they had JJ Watt, they routinely have exceptional players.

Wisconsin is, by definition, a 4-3 Over front defense. They like to play in that front, and they spot drop. They’ll play Cover 2, Cover 3, and Cover 4, but they definitely are a spot drop team. Their goal defensively is to create pressure with the front four and take away the immediate passing lanes of the offense. By doing this, their kids can play fast and if they can create that pressure, they have a chance to create turnovers.

Defensive Line Reads

I think both defensive linemen and offensive linemen need to incorporate some stance and start drills every day. For defense, this means working off a football every day for their get off. Personally, I feel they need to have their eyes on the football, and not on the offensive linemen, because the defensive line is already at a slight disadvantage if they key the offensive linemen’s knee for get off. Upon the snap of the football, the eyes need to identify the knee of their target. The knee of the offensive linemen will quickly give the defensive linemen crucial information about the direction of the play and the type of play. If the knee opens towards you, you know that you are being blocked by at least him. If you feel a great deal of pressure on your side or hip, you know you have a combo block. If you feel one hand’s worth of pressure, you know you have some kind of zone scheme. The next reaction to the knee is identifying a down block. If the knee turns inside and you can’t see it, then you need to step down. If you feel pressure, you are being down blocked by the adjacent linemen. If you feel no pressure, you need to react based on your option rules. If you get straight knee plus extension, you likely have a pass read.

Defenive Line Reactions

Now, after making your quick read, you must react. You need to get your first step in the ground immediately. It needs to gain six inches forward. As your foot hits the ground, you need to begin getting extension with the hands. By the time your second step hits the ground, your hands need to make contact and be working towards full extension on the offensive blocker. Thumbs should be up with the elbows inside. The hands should be punching the offensive linemen, and if the OL win’s inside shoulder pad position, the defensive linemen needs to quickly use his hands and reestablish inside position on the offensive player. If the offensive linemen that the defensive lineman is shaded over starts working away from him, either by attempting to rip through or work away from the shaded alignment, he need to forcefully displace the offensive linemen without getting over extended. This takes time, however, by displacing a offensive linemen as he works away from the defensive linemen, he is taken off his coarse to the next down linemen or linebacker.

Defenive Line Escape and Push Pull Technique

After the defensive linemen takes an explosive and quick first step, reads the knee, and gets extension on the offensive linemen, they need to begin turning their shoulders to behind the escape process. The technique I prefer is the Push-Pull technique. Essentially, the defensive linemen wants to get full extension with his gapside arm and PULL with the other hand. The pull technique cannot be under estimated. A coaching point to focus on is making sure feet continue moving. At this point, a lot of players stop moving their feet, or lose their balance as they lose focus, and the offensive linemen will attempt to bury them or pancake them at this point.

Immediately following a successful push pull technique where the offensive linemen’s shoulders are no longer parallel to the LOS, the defensive linemen should rip or swim over the OL, or pull them to their pocket, depending on their place in the LOS and the ball carrier’s location. Pulling the offensive linemen to the pocket involves violently taking the OL’s shoulder pads from a high position to a low position on the DL’s non-shade side hip. He can then rip or swim if the OL is still holding at this point.

The obvious next step here is to make the play. You need to communicate to the defensive line that even if they don’t make the tackle, they need to pursue the ball carrier. This closes cut back lanes and the defender can be rewarded with a loose ball or a relatively easy tackle.
Part II of defensive line play will detail everyday drills to accomplish these critical techniques.

F.I.S.T. Offensive Line Camp

Coach Kevin Sabo, offensive line coach at Fenton HS in Illinois, is running this offensive line camp. Coach Sabo is a great guy and coach and has always focused on the details. I strongly recommend checking out the football linemen camp, and you can see the flyer by clicking here. You can follow the camp’s twitter by clicking here as well. The dates are May 15, 18, 21 at DuPage Training Academy. I will provide you all with more information as it comes available.

Coach CP

Miami Dolphins 4-3 Pt. 2

As mentioned in the first part of this series on the Miami 4-3 Defense, the short passing game in the West Coast Offense caused a great number of issues for the defenses. With a basic understanding of a couple of the fronts the 96 Dolphins 4-3 defense utilized, we shall go about understanding one of their coverages used to dominate the short passing game, “Cover 22″. It is detailed below.

[Miami Base Cover 22]

(Sidenote: Click on the image to enlarge it. I would suggest opening it in a new window or tab.)

Cover 22 was is one of the first coverages listed in the Miami Dolphins 4-3 Defensive Playbook. It involves considerable pattern reading.

Corner Play
It utilizes outside leverage by the corner on the number one receiver to either side. This outside leverage is used to eliminate the possibility of the receiver getting an outside release, which would cause havoc for the safeties over the top who would be comprised by the potential distance between the sideline threat of #1 and any other deep receiver. When the corner “funnels” the receiver inside, he is also to sink with #1 receiver until another potential threat enters his Flat zone. Also, he is not all to cover any player under four yards until the quarterbacks eyes and shoulders indicate that the receiver in that zone is the new target. For instance, imagine the scenario shown below….

The squiggly lines indicate the drop the corner makes with the #1 receiver until the quarterback (not shown) makes eye and shoulder “contact” with the #2 receiver (“Y” or tight end) who is running the arrow route into the flat at a depth of 2-3 yards. Because of the shallow height in the route, the corner plays the #1, even though #2 is closer to the flat area. This area from the LOS to about 4 yards is often referred to as the “no cover” zone. The “no cover zone” is an area where the defense is willing to give up a short throw in order to cover deeper routes and make a physical play on the underneath routes, hopefully jarring the ball loose with a big collision. Also, if the Quarterback fails to put enough zip on the ball, the corner will likely have an opportunity for a big play interception.

The cornerbacks need to read “through” the #1 receiver to the #2 reciever and QB. If #2 goes flat, the corner needs to “feel” #1 and be ready for a curl, or perhaps a deep slant. Likewise, if #2 goes vertical, the corner needs to be ready for #1 to go vertical or sit. If he goes vertical, the corner needs to drop underneath with #1 until the flat is threatened. I’ll save the #1 running a “sit” route for the end of this article.

Safety Play In The Miami 4-3 Defense

The safety aligns anywhere from 9-12 yards usually in cover 2, although this playbook specifically says 10 yards. The safeties will also align 3 yards outside the numbers. Note that the football field in the pro’s is different from the college game, specifically the distance from the hash to the numbers. In high school and college ball, the safeties typically align 2 yards outside their respective hash.

The safety is responsible for their deep half of the field. This means they must stay deeper than the deepest. They need to be ready for any ball that is lofted over the head of a linebacker. They must also know the weaknesses in the defense. Understanding that the corner has the flat, there is a gap around 12 yards behind the corner on any given play. Also, there is a gap in the middle of the field (which would eventually lead to the Tampa 2, but that is for another article). The safety needs to read #2’s route. If #2 goes vertical, he needs to read #1 for the same reasons listed above for the corner. If #1 goes vertical as well, the corner has a dillemna. 2 Verticals on his side probably dictates that there are at least 1 if not 2 verticals on the other side (the offensive play is call “Verticals, genius, isn’t it?). That means the 2 safeties need to cover 4 deep routes. The underneath coverage players (corners and linebackers) should be helping with this problem. The outside linebackers force the #2 receivers inside to the safeties. The corners force #1 inside to the safety as well, compressing them. The safety then needs to sit on the top of most the players, and take away the easier throw, which will be the one to the inside, or the #2 vertical routes. He should have the athleticism to cover a throw to #1, and the ball will need to be lofted if the corners and linebackers are playing the receivers properly, creating a big play opportunity. As for the sit route, again, that will be covered later on in this article.

If #2 goes flat, the safety immediately looks to #1, ready to rob the (1) post, (2) dig,(3) or curl route. If #1 runs vertically up the field, he needs to keep inside position. If #2 continues up the field, pushing vertical after running flat, and #1 runs vertical as well, the safety treats it like 4 vertical, as described above. In this case though, the #1 and #2 receivers switched rolls, so #1 is now #2 and vice versa.

Outside Linebacker Play in the Miami 4-3 Over Defense

The outside linebackers have hook to curl to their respective side. This is an area that is about 5 yards from the LOS to about fourteen yards deep. In this zone, the linebacker is responsible for “walling” or, according to this playbook, “Buzzing and Jamming” the #2 receiver on a vertical release. As described earlier, this will force the #2 receiver inside to the safety, and compress the distance for the safety. Also, it prevents the receiver from running down the middle of the field. If the #2 receiver breaks inside after running vertically up the field, the linebacker needs to be ready to carry the post pattern through his zone and alert the other linebackers of the deep threat.

If #2 runs flat, the linebacker trails underneath #1, ready to rob the curl route and make a play on any slant route. If #2 starts to run vertical, the linebacker needs to make a “wheel” call, allerting the corner that the corner needs to adjust to the wheel, and the linebacker needs to take the curl route. If, for whatever reason, the linebackers and corners have a problem with this, the coaches can teach the linebacker to follow the #2 flat receiver if he pushes vertically, and the corner then takes #1’s curl route. This would mean swapping responsibilities in coverage. In essence, the corner becomes the linebacker.

If #2 runs vertical, as described earlier, the linebacker needs to glance at #1. If #1 is pushing vertical, then the linebacker needs stay inside and underneath the #2 receiver. If the quarterback throws this ball, he will need to loft it over and to the outside of the receiver, and the safety will be in a great position to pick the ball off.

If #2 runs inside and runs a drag route, the linebacker needs to be ready to let #2 go and alert the other linebackers with a “drag” call. Understand this as the no cover zone principle, as it will likely be shallow. If this is the case, the linebacker should be ready for a dig by #1 coming across his zone. If the linebacker heres a drag call from another linebacker, he needs to be ready for the incoming receiver after he leaves the middle linebacker.

Inside Linebacker Play in the Miami Over Front Defense

The inside linebacker has the duty of protecting the middle of the field, specifically working the strong hook zone. However, the direction of his initial drop is changeable, as the middle linebacker checks the #3 receiver, which may be the runningback. Which ever direction that player is aligned, or if they are in the backfield the direction of their route, will determine the linebacker’s drop.

The linebacker is responsible for taking inside leverage and “walling” number 3 if they push vertical. This also applies to a tight end. If he works inside the outside linebacker and pushes vertical, the mike needs to take inside leverage on the route in a similar fashion to the outside linebacker’s play vs #2 pushing vertical, as described above.

Normally, in cover 2, the inside linebacker is responsible for getting physical with any inside route (i.e drag) and knocking the receiver off coarse only if it will not take the middle likebacker out of his zone or won’t make him overextend and get off balance. If the middle linebacker sees an inside route, he needs to alert the outside linebacker and potentially the corner who are in the direction of the receiver.

However, in Cover 22 for the Dolphins, this linebacker carries the crosser. That means he will lock on to the underneath route, unless someone gives him an over call, indicating they can handle the player without zone conflicts. This is a interesting coaching point, because it will eliminate this weakness, but at the same time it will make the overall coverage more vunerable to a post route, dig, or other inside route by #2.

If this linebacker also needs to be prepared versus trips sets. In trips, he will be moving to the #3 receiver as the coverage rules dictate. If #2 runs an outside route, lets say an “out” (clever, aren’t I), and the #3 receiver runs an arrow into the flat, the Mike and the rest of the defenders should recognize this as a flood play. The Mike will move to the curl area then underneath #1. The corner would take the flat arrow route by #3, and the outside linebacker would cover the #2 receiver.
Smash and China Combination


The Smash and China are route combination concepts for the offense that are designed to outman the cover 2 or the Dolphin’s Cover 22 based off working deep routes into areas the coverage should not be covering or would be significantly weak against.

[“Smash” with ball thrown to “Z” (#1 Stop Route) vs Cover 22]

Smash is a combination that has #2 running a deep corner or post-corner route. The #1 receiver runs a “stop” or short hook route that stops at about four yards, and pushes the corner to the outside. Occasionally, this can be combined with a very shallow flat route by the #3 receiver. In order to stop this play, the defense must follow their rules. If #2 pushes vertical, the outside linebacker needs to wall him off. When the corner sees this, and he sees that #1 stopped, he needs to drop with #2 and help underneath. The safety takes the deep route, and can’t be caught flat footed or guess on the first move. He needs to be ready for the break to the outside by the “Y” or #2. If the QB turns his should and head to number one, the corner needs to be ready to break on the stop route, along with the linebacker. The safety needs to stay disciplined and cover the deep route until the ball is in the air. If the ball is thrown to the #2 receiver running the post-corner, the corner needs to turn his hips and get underneath the ball. The linebacker needs to take a proper pursuit angle and the safety needs to be ready to break up the pass. Overall, as a defense, the group needs to understand the weaknesses of the coverage. Understanding the weaknesses will help in teaching the pattern reading concepts, because the defense will know how the offense will likely attack them in this coverage.

[“Smash” with ball thrown to “Y” (#2 Post-Corner Route) vs Cover 22]


China is a similar concept. #2 pushes vertical running the corner or post-corner. #1 runs the stop, but as he is coming out of his break he almost turns it into a slat/drag route. This is used to stop teams that have outside linebackers who settle underneath the #1 sit route, because if they do the receiver will run right behind the coverage to the area between the outside linebacker and the middle linebacker. This gap will be increased vertically because the safety and corner are handling the post-corner route, so if a quick receiver runs this route, it can be deadly if the defense does not play it properly. Also, if the route is mirrored or run on both sides of a 2×2 set (2 receivers running the combination on each side) if the Mike is influenced (by #3) or chooses to help one side and the QB throws to the other, the offense has big play potential. Proper communication is critical to stopping this play. Players cannot be overly aggressive and must take proper angles. The corner has to help the OLB and the Mike by keeping an eye on #1 as he drops to prevent the deep throw to #2, as described in the smash route above.

[“Smash” on the Left and “China” on the Right vs Dolphins Cover 22]

(Sidenote: The Mike is influenced by the flat route by the runningback. This is Smash to the left and China to the right. The #1 receiver, “z”, catches the ball infront of the outside linebacker and corner who are caught off guard and he takes it to the house unless the free safety turns around. I forgot to draw his line. Either way, its a huge gain.)


I hope you guys enjoyed this article. It does not give full detail on pattern reading but it is enough to get by. I hope you enjoyed it. Of coarse, if you have questions, ask me or leave a comment.

You can read part 1 on the Miami 4-3 Defense by clicking here!

Miami Dolphins 4-3 Defense Pt. 1

Please Note: Part 2 of the Miami 4-3 Defense is Available, Click Here For It

Dear Readers,

Following the 80’s rage on the 3-4 and 46 defenses, offenses found ways to protect the passer and attack the opponent through the air with the spread of the “west coast offense” in the early to mid 90’s. In order to defeat opponents that used this offense which threw short, high percentage passes first in order to open up the running game, the Over 4-3 (or Miami 4-3) defense came about. This will begin a 3 part series on the defense, starting with the 1996 Miami Dolphins Defense. This part of the series will include a few posts.
Before getting into great detail, an understanding of the base look is required. The Miami Dolphins 4-3 Defense looked like this:

So what do we have?

In “Base”, from left to right, we have a 9 technique End, 3 tech Tackle, a 1 Tech Tackle, and a 5 tech End. Compare this to “Base 7″, which moves the former 9 tech in base to a 7 technique, and the Sam goes from a 50 tech (or 5 tech as their playbook calls it), to a stack position on top of the end. The subtle change from a 9 tech to a 7 tech and a stack End/Sam combo changes the gap responsibility of these two players. Instead of playing the “D Gap to Alley”, the End must control the “C Gap to Alley”. What does that mean?

Playing inside shade on the tight end (7 tech) means the defensive end likely has to switch his down hand and back leg from the inside to the outside (hand/leg closest to the tight end). Also, stealing this detail from someone at (name yourself and I’ll give ya credit), the inside foot thus being up in the 7 technique puts the defensive end in a better position to hold their ground if the tight end was to down block on the end.

This technique could be rather tricky for a defensive end who likes to play on the edge at the 9 technique. The 9 technique is supposed to own the outside half of the offensive EMOLOS (usually the tight end). A lot of teams will put a smaller defensive end here with speed. A player like this can quickly rush the passer, maintain outside leverage on an outside fast flow run (like Stretch), and close the distance on a fullback and tight end down block, while also putting the end in a good position to wrong arm any kickout block, forcing the play to the outside. Furthermore, this player is not used to the double team by big linemen, if anyone for that matter. Compare this to the 7 technique end, who is not playing in space, must take on a down block or double team, must split or hold the double team at the LOS, and must not get reached by a tackle. Quite a different ball game.
(Sidenote: Please understand that I’m not saying the 9 tech in this defense is in a great position to take on a kick out, its just something he doesn’t have to do in a 7 tech very often.)
And this is all for the defensive end! Now imagine the difference for the Sam linebacker. The SAM linebacker, when playing in “Base” with a 9 technique End, owns the C gap. The Sam has to play an offensive tackle and scrape to the alley on any outside play. That means he has to close the window in the C Gap, and once the offensive play bounces outside with little to no likely hood of a cut back into that gap, he must be ready to help the end by approaching the ball carrier from the inside out. Again, contrast this against “Base 7″, which means the Sam now takes the responsibilities of the former 9 technique defensive end. The sam now has to wrong arm kickouts, cannot get reached, and likely make a play in space.

So… why?

More exactly, why have two base defenses that changes the whole fabric of your perimeter defense to the strong side?

There are some advantages to running both schemes. These are just a few, if you can think of more, leave a comment, I will name a few since its nearly 3 AM. One (1), better pass rush lane off the edge. Two (2) lets say you know you have a playmaker at defensive end who knows how to play in space, but gets burnt out quickly or tends to be a little bit to aggressive. A great switch up to this is “Base 7″. You take out that 9 technique end and put in a slightly undersized 3 technique, or a larger end on your roster who can take on the double teams but may not have the athletism or attributes to play on the edge consistently. He can help you protect your Mike linebacker though, which takes us to number three (3). The Mike is free to roam to the playside in “Base 7″. Okay, yes he still has to take on any junk your DL allows through (which, if they’re worth their weight in salt, won’t happen as they make a pile or they’ll split the double team and make the play themselves), and take on the A Gap. In “Base”, the Sam can take on blockers in space, which can be an advantage if their line is poor or your Sam has a great block dominating ability. Also, unlike with the 7 technique, the Sam won’t face a double team at linebacker depth, which could mean its easier to defend the C gap. And finally, the 4th advantage of running both schemes, (4) if we get power to the strong side of the formation, the offense will be in a bind versus a 7 technique, compared to a 9 technique which they are salivating for.

4-3 Defense versus the I formation Power Play

This leads to the “Power” or “Power-O” dillemna. Power causes a lot of problems for the 4-3 Over defense, particullary the breed in the mid 90’s. With a 9 technique, the end, while he may force the play to the outside as he spills the fullback, has a lot of area to cover. In order to prevent the offense from hitting the gap between him and the 3 technique tackle, he has to recognize the play immediately and properly blow it up at the right time. If he doesn’t, power will likely be an effective play against this defense.

[Miami “Base” Cover 2 vs I Formation Power Play]

(This picture shows how the 9 technique (Bull in this case) takes on the full back but leaves just enough of a seam for the running back to hit through the hole. Though it would be congested, thanks to the ability of this play to hit surpsingly quickly, the runningback would spring it to the secondary support at the safety level)

The offense will try one of two things with power versus a 7 technique. (1) Let the End go and try to kick out the 7 tech, which out numbers them as he will still spill it to the outside with a wrong arm technique, and there our Sam will wait (because the guard will likely get caught in the trash caused by the fullback and 7 tech). (2) (most likely) They could double the 7 technique with the tight end and tackle, letting your 3 tech take on the guard by himself, (great matchup) or they could double the 3 technique, and the let the tight end take on the 7 technique (if your playing a strong linemen like mentioned earlier, also a great matchup). With the pulling backside guard, the Mike will step briefly to playside A, see the puller and fullback, and make is way to the C/D gap, where the Sam will be spilling the play to the outside. The Mike should have a free run (if your 7 tech holds the Tackle/Tight End double team fairly well) where he could potentially make the tackle, and at worst be in a great position to take on the guard with a rip move working to the ball carrier from the inside out and forcing him to the sideline. Notice in the picture below how much further the ball carrier is forced to go outside, to the hard secondary support, which is the corner who has force or contain. Finally, If my history proves right, that Mike should have been Zach Thomas, who I believe was a rookie and a pro bowl alternate that season even though he was a 5th round pick, and very undersized and relatively slow.

[Miami “Base 7″ Cover 2 vs I Formation Power Play]

(Sidenote: For those who are wondering what exactly allows the Mike to forgo his A gap responsibility versus Power Strong Side out of this defense. When the backside guard pulls, the Backside B gap disappears with him. Thus, the Nose (N) or 1 Technique Tackle, who has backside A gap, covers all that space from the center to the weakside tackle. The Will linebacker thus “bumps” his gap forward, as does the Mike. Once the Mike sees the pull, he should make his intentions clear with a call (i.e. pull, bump, slide…) to the Will, or Hawk (H) in Diagram, incase he doesn’t see it. The Will/Hawk will then flow to the playside A gap ready for potential cutback, and Mike will follow backfield and guard flow to the ball, which will take him past a guard/tackle double team on the 3. I leave the blocking line out, but they would be forced to go to the Will/Hawk in this synopsis.)
Okay guys, I hope you enjoyed this first piece explaining the base defenses of the Miami Dolphins and what their differences were, and the reasons behind running both of them. There are more intricacies than what I listed based off coverage or other factors. If you want to discuss, feel free. I’ll comment back. If you have a question about a different aspect of the front, comment.

You Can Read Part 2 Here